New international standards for green communication technology have been backed by the world’s largest professional body for engineers and technologists, following five years of development by a Leeds professor.
Standards set by the IEEE are adopted globally by many leading manufacturers and service providers to ensure the functionality, capability and interoperability of products and services. Among the most well-known are the IEEE 802.11™ relating to Wi-Fi, and IEEE 802.3™ for Ethernet.
The new green communication standards have been developed by Professor Jaafar Elmirghani from the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Leeds, who specialises in developing highly energy efficient technology.
In 2012, he was appointed by the IEEE to chair its green ICT initiative, overseeing all related research carried out by Institute members, of which there are 430,000 worldwide. As well as developing five standards through his own research, as chair, he oversaw the development of another four in a similar field.
Professor Elmirghani said: “The standards we have developed through the IEEE are intended to lead to more energy-efficient operation of networks and hardware, cutting the amount of carbon emissions attributed to these networks and hardware. If they are adopted extensively, as other IEEE standards have been, companies will be making a significant contribution to cutting CO2 emissions and will reduce the cost of operating their networks through reduced energy use.”
The five standards Professor Elmirghani has developed are:
IEEE P1925.1™ is a standard for energy efficient dynamic line rate transmission systems. This standard specifies an energy-efficient rate-adaptive transmission system that can be used to deploy mixed line rates. It introduces the architecture and mechanisms needed to enable the use of an optimal combination of line rates to accommodate traffic while reducing power consumption.
IEEE P1926.1™ is a standard for a functional architecture of distributed energy efficient big data processing. It specifies a functional architecture that supports the energy-efficient transmission and processing of large volumes of data, starting at processing nodes close to the data source, with significant processing resources provided at centralised data centre.
IEEE P1927.1™ is a standard for services provided by the energy-efficient orchestration and management of virtualised distributed data centres interconnected by a virtualised network. This standard specifies an architecture for a service composed of distributed data centres interconnected by a network. It specifies the interfaces and the dynamic orchestration and management mechanisms for energy-efficient allocation of resources from data centres and network.
IEEE P1928.1™ is a standard for a mechanism for energy efficient virtual machine placement. This standard specifies an algorithm for energy-efficient virtual machine placement strategies considering network and computational power consumption. It also considers the geographic distribution of user demand.
IEEE P1929.1™ is an architectural framework for energy efficient content distribution which specifies a framework for designing energy efficient content distribution services, such as migration, placement, and replication, over networks.
The process has already started to secure final approval for the nine standards by the highest levels of the Institute, and a green standards in ICT working group chaired by Professor Elmirghani will oversee the process. It is due to complete its work in September 2018, and Professor Elmirghani is inviting members of the IEEE who wish to contribute to the final standards to take part in a series of webinars.
Once they have secured final approval, the standards will be available for use by equipment vendors, network operators, service providers and end users.
The development of the new standards stems from Professor Elmirghani’s involvement with GreenTouch, a consortium of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry, academic and non-governmental research experts dedicated to reducing the carbon footprint of ICT devices, platforms and networks. The intention behind the standards was to ensure GreenTouch’s recommendations could be used openly and in an interoperable way by the interested parties.
The development of the five standards was carried out through a £6 million EPSRC INTelligent Energy awaRe NETworks (INTERNET) programme grant.